Jeff Shauger, Associate Broker, ABR, CDPE, CRS, ePRO, GRI , SRES, SRS
Jeff Shauger, Associate Broker, ABR, CDPE, CRS, ePRO, GRI , SRES, SRS

Jeff's Blog

Hurricane Demonstration Illustrates Importance of Sealed Roof Deck

August 26, 2011 8:57 pm

The Insurance Institute for Business & Home Safety (IBHS) has conducted a full-scale research test program of how wind-driven water, such as that occurring during hurricanes, penetrates openings in residential roof systems at the IBHS Research Center in South Carolina.

“Wind-driven rain that gets into a house through openings in the roof can collapse ceilings and cause extensive damage to interior finishes, furnishings and other family possessions,” says Julie Rochman, president & CEO, IBHS. “The testing conducted by our engineers at the IBHS Research Center clearly demonstrated that water penetration during hurricanes could be substantially reduced by sealing the roof deck seams.”

For new construction or re-roofing, roof deck seams can be sealed from the exterior using a modified bitumen tape. For retrofitting when the roof cover is not replaced, homeowners can seal the roof deck seams from the inside with a closed-cell foam spray adhesive.

IBHS researchers built a 1,300 sq. ft., single-story duplex test building with construction features common in many coastal and inland areas of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast states with hurricane exposure. The interior of the duplex was furnished with light fixtures, ceiling fans, furniture, carpeting and laminate flooring made to look like wood. Both sides of the duplex roof were identical, with the critical exception of using modified bitumen tape to seal the between-sheathing joints and gaps on one side of the roof.

The building was placed inside the 21,000 sq. ft. test chamber at the IBHS Research Center and subjected to several individual test sequences involving both high-speed, multi-directional, gusty winds and prolonged exposure to “rain” typical during a hurricane, delivered at a rate of up to eight inches per hour.

During the testing, 24 cameras were placed inside the test specimen to capture the water entering the duplex. Video footage of the interior of both sides of the building showed water entering the side with the unsealed roof deck, streaming off of light fixtures and ceiling fans. Approximately 30 minutes after the completion of the test, pieces of the ceiling on the unsealed side began to collapse.

“As the attic insulation became saturated, the water began to soak into the ceiling gypsum wallboard,” says Dr. Anne Cope, IBHS research director. “The combination of the weight of the saturated insulation and the weakened gypsum wallboard caused the ceiling to collapse in three places on the unsealed side of the home. However, on the sealed side of the duplex, the ceiling did not collapse and there was much less water entry.

Following the test, IBHS brought in a claims adjuster from a local insurance company who is trained in catastrophe claims adjusting to estimate the amount of damage each house suffered. He assessed the damage to the front three rooms on both sides of the duplex, including the kitchen, dining room and family room. During a hurricane or high wind event, winds generally come from a relatively small range of directions after the roof cover blows off, so damaged confined to one area of a house would be typical of most people’s experience.

According to the adjuster’s report, estimated damage on the unsealed side totaled nearly $17,000, while estimated damage on the sealed side totaled approximately $5,400. This is a substantial difference totaling almost three times as much for the side of the duplex with the unsealed roof deck. Of particular note is that the furniture in the side with the unsealed roof deck had to be replaced, while the furnishings in the side with the sealed roof deck only had to be cleaned.

“The moment water enters your home, you have a potentially catastrophic loss waiting to happen,” says Rochman. "Water travels along beams, through electrical conduits, along wiring, and into walls, ceilings and floors; in other words, it can get just about everywhere, so keeping it out in the first place is the homeowner's best bet for preventing damage.

"Sealing the roof deck can significantly strengthen this critical part of a home and reduce the chances of a catastrophic loss due to water damage when the roof covering is compromised or blown off entirely during a high-wind event. And taping the seams on an average-sized roof costs only about $500 – a great, relatively small investment that could pay huge dividends when a storm hits,” she added.

13 Unique Ways to Sell a Home

August 25, 2011 8:57 pm

By Paige Tepping

In today’s market, it takes more than painting and trimming the bushes to get noticed. While home sellers across the country are resorting to dropping the price in order to make their home more attractive, it leads to one crucial question: what can I do differently to make my home stand out?

Larry Nusbaum, Resolution Assistance Contractor for the FDIC, offers the following tips for home sellers looking to differentiate their homes from the numerous homes that are on the market today.

1. Get lighted signage that’s illuminated even after dark. This will give prospective buyers extra time to see your home as they don’t have to depend on sunlight.

2. If you or your agent are hosting an open house, be sure to serve light snacks and hand out something that attendees will remember. You want something that will be a positive reminder of your home—seasonal gifts are the perfect way to stay top of mind. Be sure to at least have pens and key chains with your agent's name and contact information on them.

3. Create an informational flyer with all the local conveniences you can find: shopping, schools, universities, hospitals, malls, restaurants, gas stations and attractions in the area, in addition to local police and fire stations, even school bus pick up locations. Assume your open house attendees don’t know the neighborhood.

4. Hand out information pertaining to your home as well as information on the other listed properties in the area showing that your house is the best value.

5. Do some staging to make sure your home looks its best.

6. Be sure to offer incentives. Some examples include a gift card to a home improvement store, paying for a year’s worth of yard care or a free session with a landscape architect, offering a $1,000 landscape allowance, paying for a years worth of homeowners fees, offering $1,000 for new appliances or any home improvement, offering a new carpet allowance or paying for lawn service for a year—the possibilities are endless.

7. Paint the garage floor (concrete paint). Making the garage look fresh and clean will make the whole house feel newer.

8. Send letters to all the neighbors inviting them to “pick their neighbor,” and be sure to include information about your home and the open house. Give them an incentive to talk about your home with other individuals in their sphere of influence. (i.e. a $200 gift card if they find your buyer).

9. Put up signs in your front yard and be sure to hang up as many directional signs as the neighborhood allows.

10. Put out flyers in surrounding shopping areas.

11. Have your agent create a video of your home and put the virtual tour on the Web.

12. Have your agent post ads on Craigslist and on any other free online listing sites you can find.

13. E-mail HR departments at local companies as many employees prefer to live close to their jobs but don’t make time for the house hunting process. This will make it easy for employees to find your home.

Travel Insurance Advice for Homeowners Possibly Affected by Hurricane Irene

August 25, 2011 8:57 pm

Already on vacation or about to leave? With hurricane Irene heading towards the northeast, homeowners are paying close attention to where the storm will hit. “A little known benefit in most travel insurance policies could really make a difference for those travelers,” advises Chris Harvey, CEO of a travel insurance comparison company. “If a traveler’s home is rendered uninhabitable by a hurricane, their travel insurance policy may cover them to cancel their trip or come home early and receive reimbursement.”

Although many travelers would cut a trip short if they find out something bad happened to their home, almost none would make a travel insurance claim because they didn’t know they could. Having the option to file a claim would give travelers the chance to get back unused trip expenses, as well as the costs of flights to get home. This provides extra protection and peace of mind that unforeseen expenses are covered not just if something happens on the trip, but also at home while they are away.

Travelers should remember, in order for coverage to be effective, all travel insurance policies must be purchased before a hurricane is named. Since Irene became a tropical stom on August 22, only policies purchased before that date will provide coverage for the storm.

Another limitation to take into account is a travel insurance policy cannot be canceled due to “fear” of something bad happening. If someone wants the choice to cancel without providing a reason, it is recommended that travelers find a policy that offers the Cancel for Any Reason benefit. Cancel for Any Reason allows someone to cancel the trip without explanation, and receive a refund up to 75% of the trip cost, however, to qualify for this benefit, travelers must purchase a travel insurance policy within 14-30 days of the initial deposit payment.

For more information, visit

95 Percent of Refinancing Borrowers Choose Fixed-Rate Mortgages

August 25, 2011 8:57 pm

In the second quarter of 2011, fixed-rate loans accounted for about 95% of refinance loans, based on the Freddie Mac Quarterly Product Transition Report released recently. Refinancing borrowers clearly preferred fixed-rate loans, regardless of whether their original loan was an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) or a fixed-rate.

An increasing share of refinancing borrowers chose to shorten their loan terms during the second quarter. Of borrowers who paid off a 30-year fixed-rate loan, 37% chose a 15- or 20-year loan, the highest such share since the third quarter of 2003.

According to Freddie Mac, 55% of borrowers who had a hybrid ARM chose a fixed-rate loan during the second quarter, while the remaining 45% chose to refinance into the same type of product. The share refinancing from hybrid ARM to hybrid ARM was the highest since the second quarter of 2004.

"Fixed mortgage rates averaged 4.65% for 30-year loans and 3.84% for 15-year product during the second quarter in Freddie Mac's Primary Mortgage Market Survey®, well below long-term averages," says Frank Nothaft, Freddie Mac vice president and chief economist. “The Bureau of Economic Analysis has estimated the average coupon on single-family loans was about 5.3 percent during the second quarter of 2011. It's no wonder we continue to see strong refinance activity into fixed-rate loans.”

He continued, "Compared to a 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage, the interest rate on 15-year fixed was about 0.8 percentage points lower during the second quarter. For borrowers motivated to refinance by low fixed-rates, they could obtain even lower rates by shortening their term. The initial interest rate on a 5/1 hybrid ARM was about 1.2 percentage points lower than on a 30-year fixed-rate loan. For borrowers who plan to remain in their current home for only a few years, the hybrid ARM allows for even greater interest-rate savings."

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Lightning Damage Prevention Tips

August 24, 2011 8:57 pm

It has been a sweltering August, and with that comes ferocious summer storms that often include thunderstorms and lightening. Lightning can strike at an average current of 30,000 amps, the equivalent of 100 million volts of electrical potential. When lightening does bolt down, it is at a temperature of about 50,000 degrees Fahrenheit. Statistically speaking, lightening storms are more responsible for injury, death and destruction each year than all hurricanes, tornadoes and floods combined. This statement is particularly true for the Northeast.

"Lightning striking a home can have a devastating impact on a family, even if no one is injured," says Kurt Detmer, vice president of marketing for a Michigan-based insurance company. "While it's true that lightning losses are generally a covered peril in most property insurance policies, many things can be lost that simply can't be restored. You can replace a damaged device, but personal photos, music, and other files stored on electronic devices can be irretrievably lost.” By following these few simple guidelines, you can keep your family safe and help prevent this sort of damage from ever occurring to your home.

Protect Your Personal Property
Every connection in your home is a potential route for lightning energy, including surface and buried connections, such as electrical, telephone, cable television and plumbing. Whole-house surge protection is ideally what you want to aim for. Surge breakers are available and can be installed on the main panel board. Alternatively, you can ask your utility company to install surge suppression right at your meter.

Equip devices separately, if possible. Things like telephones, computers and garage door openers can all be equipped with individual transient voltage surge suppressors (TVSS). These have three sets of MOVs (metal oxide varistor) rated at least 250-300 joules. If your device has built-in surge protection, MOVs are listed on their power supply circuit boards. Check all of your important electronics, and find out which of them needs to be protected.

Quality surge protectors are usually more expensive, however, provide better protection. In particular, higher-end surge protectors can activate thermal cut outs to prevent fire in the case of MOV failure. Most general protectors cannot do this.

Lightning rods are also a great idea employed by many. These need to be designed and installed by professionals, but they will provide additional protection. Or, if you want to do it the good old-fashioned way, unplug your electronics during a lightning storm. It really is the best protection for any electronic device.

By being conscientious of lightning damage that can potentially harm your home, you can take preventative measures to protect yourself, your family and your belongings.

9 Tips to Successfully Buying a Foreclosure

August 24, 2011 8:57 pm

By Alexis McGee

With foreclosure numbers in the tens of thousands nearly everywhere across the country, many Americans who have never invested in real estate are wondering if now is the right time to find a great deal. The answer is yes as the indicators are strong for investors. Banks are selling foreclosed properties at huge discounts and strapped homeowners with foreclosure looming are looking for ways out of their predicament, including selling to investors.

Done right, buying a home pre-foreclosure creates a win-win situation. The homeowner gets needed cash, and the buyer, a solid investment property. Whether you opt to buy a discounted REO property from a bank or lender, or from an individual homeowner through a real estate agent, it’s essential to pay attention to the details.

1. Understand your state foreclosure laws. Before you set out to buy a foreclosure from anyone, it’s imperative that you understand the foreclosure laws of your individual state. Laws vary dramatically state by state and affect the foreclosure process timeline as well as sellers’ and buyers’ legal rights.

2. Use the right lead sources. Locate solid potential property leads with the help of reputable foreclosure listing websites and a professional real estate agent. Alternatively, you can manually cull county property records at your county recorders office.

3. Beware marketing come-ons like “instant riches.” Avoid websites or foreclosure “gurus” that promise instant riches with no effort and no money, or their “secrets” for a price. Keep your wallet in your pocket until you have thoroughly “Googled” the person and the company. If a website requires a user fee and won’t allow you a free trial first, look elsewhere.

4. Do your homework before you buy. Know the local market and the current prices for comparable properties in the area, as well as what kind of financing is available. Your real estate professional can help you with this. Even in today’s tight credit markets, money is available. If you plan to fix up a property then turn around and sell it quickly, don’t overlook a short-term cash loan from an individual money partner.

5. Investors: build solid relationships with listing agents for lender-owned (REO) properties. These are the people banks and lenders work with to sell the properties they own. With the right relationship, REO listing agents will contact you directly (before the property hits the Multiple Listing Service) so you get first shot at the good deals.

6. Know the quick sale market value of a property. Whether shopping for your own home or investing, before you buy a property, you must calculate the market value of the home if you needed to sell tomorrow. That value, minus your costs to fix up the property, to hold it, and to market and sell it, is the fair price to pay for the property today. If you’re buying the property as an investor, include your profit.

7. Know your not-to-exceed offer price. Set the number based on your calculations above, and stick to it. If you’re buying the home for your residence, you may have a tiny bit of wiggle room, but as an investor, it’s an absolute top offer price.

8. Look for motivated sellers. All discounts—read that "asking prices"—are not equal. REO lenders with overflowing properties in their portfolios likely will be willing to cut prices more significantly in order to remove the nonperforming asset off their books, especially given today’s credit crunch. For pre-foreclosure buyers, sellers need to understand how selling you their home will help them avoid foreclosure and put cash in their pockets for a fresh start.

9. Follow-up and patience is key. Whether you’re buying a bank-owned property or pre-foreclosure from a homeowner, success is in the details. Address and plan for all of them. Patience is critical, but as a buyer, time is on your side. Yes, it takes time and effort to buy foreclosures at a discount, but with the right knowledge and tenacity, your first deal is just around the corner.

For more information, visit

7 Tips to Save on Car Insurance

August 24, 2011 8:57 pm

Owning a vehicle can be enjoyable, but it also comes with a cost. On top of the purchase price, gas, maintenance, repairs and insurance costs can quickly add up. While insurance is mandatory for most people, overpaying for coverage can be avoided. Here are seven tips that may lead to lower auto insurance costs. With a little time spent, big savings could just be around the corner.

1. Shop around. With so many insurance companies on the market, collecting all the required information to make a decision can be overwhelming. Online comparison sites can do the analysis based on the information entered to present quotes for over 30 companies and provide the lowest rate available through its network. There’s also no need to wait for renewal papers to arrive, sometimes the available savings may well off-set the potential penalty.

2. Review current coverage. Most drivers are required to have liability coverage and many people choose to add comprehensive coverage. However, collision coverage may not be necessary for everyone. Collision coverage handles costs associated with damage sustained to the policy holder’s car. If the vehicle is very old, has high mileage, or is in poor condition, then it may not be worth the extra premium costs to receive this coverage.

3. Consider increasing the deductible. The deductible is the amount car owners are responsible for paying when a claim is made. A higher deductible would mean the insurance company pays less in the event of a claim. This decrease in risk is then transferred to the consumer in reduced premiums. There isn’t one ideal number for this as it all depends on each consumer’s comfort zone. There may be a preference to save more now with a higher deductible, or to have increased financial security in the event of a claim with a lower deductible.

4. Research discounts. There is power in numbers. The following are discounts that some insurance companies might consider when pricing a policy.

• Profession – By working in certain fields or holding a professional designation, there may be discounts available, depending on the insurance company. The quickest way to find out is by contacting your professional association or a broker.
• Group Affiliation – Alumni groups or trade unions may also provide discounts on insurance to its members.
• Auto clubs – Specialty vehicle clubs may have specially negotiated rates with certain insurers, thus offering lower premiums. Begin by checking the membership package, or contacting the current broker directly.

5. Combining insurance. Purchasing home insurance from the same company that provides the auto coverage may result in a savings of 5-10% off both premiums. Furthermore, adding another vehicle in the household to the same policy could lead to further discounts.

6. Installing winter tires. For those living in harsh winter conditions, this is more a matter of safety. Taking precautions to decrease the likelihood of accidents during dangerous conditions should always be considered. In fact, some insurance companies will take this into account and may offer a discount.

7. Accident forgiveness. Even the safest driver is susceptible to threats on the road from uncontrollable factors, like other drivers. Accident forgiveness will eliminate the effects that the first accident-related claim would have on premiums. Unlike the other tips that result in immediate savings, this will probably cost extra in the beginning. However, it may be well worth the additional cost so that effects on insurance rates are minimized in the event that you have an at-fault accident.

Stay informed and check for potential savings annually whenever their policy is up for renewal. The company that had the best rate for a specific car and driver profile last year may not be the one that can offer the best rate again. It doesn’t take long to grab hold of those savings; all you have to do is shop around.

For more information, visit

FHFA, Treasury, HUD Seek Input on Disposition of Real Estate Owned Properties

August 23, 2011 8:57 pm

The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), in consultation with the U.S. Department of the Treasury and Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), has announced a Request For Information (RFI), seeking input on new options for selling single-family real estate owned (REO) properties held by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the Enterprises), and the Federal Housing Administration (FHA).

The RFI’s objective is to help address current and future REO inventory. It will explore alternatives for maximizing value to taxpayers and increasing private investment in the housing market, including approaches that support rental and affordable housing needs.

"While the Enterprises will continue to market individual REO properties for sale, FHFA and the Enterprises seek input on possible pooling of REO properties in situations where such pooling, combined with private management, may reduce Enterprise credit losses and help stabilize neighborhoods and home values," says FHFA Acting Director Edward J. DeMarco. "Partnerships involving Enterprise properties may reduce taxpayer losses and meet the Enterprises’ responsibility to bring stability and liquidity to housing markets. We seek input on these important questions."

"Millions of families nationwide have seen their home values impacted as their neighbors' homes fall into foreclosure or become abandoned," says HUD Secretary Shaun Donovan. "At the same time, with half of all renters spending more than a third of their income on housing and a quarter spending more than half, we have to find and promote new ways to alleviate the strain on the affordable rental market. Taking steps to encourage private investment in REO properties and transition them into productive use will help stabilize neighborhoods and home values at a critical time for our economy."

For more information visit


Technology Time Out

August 23, 2011 8:57 pm

By Paige Tepping

While technology is supposed to make our lives easier, it has many of us feeling like we can never fully disconnect. Whether it’s staying in touch with friends and family, keeping tabs on social media, downloading the latest app, checking the weather or finding the closest coffee shop, most of us feel like an essential part of us is missing if our phone isn’t within reach at all times.

But sometimes a vacation—or even just a little time away—from your phone can do wonders. Here are three simple ways to painlessly disconnect.

1. Shut it off. Getting to sleep at a decent hour is hard enough with all the things racing through our minds as we get ready to call it a night. Turning off your phone at night is a great way to temporarily set aside tasks that didn’t get completed in a given day and mentally prepare to hit the ground running the next morning. You can even resurrect that old alarm clock. Waking up to your favorite talk show might be the boost you need to get out of bed in the morning.

2. Take a time out. Designate a certain amount of time each day when the phone, computer or any other technology is off limits. Whether it be right when you get home from work or around dinner time, take the time to reconnect with your family or get outside and enjoy the nice weather.

3. Pick a hobby. Have you always wanted to take a photography class or learn how to cook? Once you gain back the time you used to spend on the phone or on the computer, you can invest that time in learning how to do something new.

Safety Tips for Kids and Motorists

August 23, 2011 8:57 pm

With kids heading back to school, everyone should take extra care to keep children safe.

“It’s going to take time for everyone to get back into the school routine,” says Craig Phelps, senior assistant vice president with Amica Insurance. “Many children will be going off to school for the first time, so they may not be as careful as they should be when crossing streets or running for their buses. Others may feel more comfortable returning to school, but they also may be more likely to take risks, such as failing to look both ways when crossing the street.”

That’s why it’s so important to be extra vigilant this time of year, Phelps said, especially around school buses and bus stops.

The National Safety Council notes that most children who lose their lives in bus-related crashes are pedestrians, four to seven years old, who are hit by the bus or by motorists illegally passing a stopped school bus. “The area 10 feet around a school bus is where children are in the most danger of being hit,” according to the NSC website. “Stop your car far enough from the bus to allow children the necessary space to safely enter and exit the bus.”

Here are a few tips on how you can be more alert behind the wheel:

Motorists should:
• Slow down and be alert, especially in residential areas and school zones. Children are unpredictable.
• Watch for children at intersections and near the road – especially in the morning and after school hours.
• Take extra care when entering or exiting driveways.
• Beware of children darting out from between parked cars.
• Be careful when following or approaching a school bus, especially near school bus stops.
• All 50 states require motorists in both directions on undivided roadways to stop for school buses that have stopped to let children enter or exit the bus.
• Don’t pass a school bus on the right.

Parents and children should remember:
• Try to cross streets at corners, using crosswalks and traffic signals when available.
• Don’t run into a street or between parked cars.
• Get to the bus stop early and stand well back from the curb, especially when the bus is approaching.
• Walk in front of the bus so the driver can see you. Don’t board the bus until the driver says it’s okay.
• If you drop something, tell the bus driver. Don’t reach for anything under or in front of a bus where a driver might not be able to see you.
• Don’t talk to strangers at a bus stop, and don’t get into a stranger’s car.
• Remove headphones and put away cell phones before crossing the street.
• If you’re riding your bike to school, always wear a helmet and follow the “rules of the road.”

“We all need to work together to protect our children,” Phelps says. “Let’s get the school year off to a safe start.”

Sources:, Amica Insurance